导读 大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!一、趣词词典1、amber 琥...

大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!

一、趣词词典

1、amber 琥珀

2、来自阿拉伯语,龙涎香。传入欧洲,指琥珀。为使表述更明确,则用短语amber jaune. jaune, 同jaundice, 黄疸。

二、- 英语词根词缀词源词典

1、amber

2、amber: [14] Amber was borrowed, via Old French, from Arabic ‘anbar, which originally meant ‘ambergris’ (and in fact until the early 18th century amber was used for ‘ambergris’ too). A perceived resemblance between the two substances had already led in Arabic to ‘amber’ ousting ‘ambergris’ as the main meaning of ‘anbar, and this was reflected as soon as English acquired it.In Scotland until as recently as the early 19th century lamber was the usual form. This arose from borrowing the French word for ‘amber’ complete with its definite article le: l’ambre. Before the introduction of the Arabic term into European languages, the ancestor of modern English glass appears to have been the word used for ‘amber’.=> ambergris

3、amber (n.)

4、mid-14c.,"ambergris, perfume made from ambergris,"from Old French ambre, from Medieval Latin ambar"ambergris,"from Arabic 'anbar"ambergris."In Europe, the sense was extended, inexplicably, to fossil resins from the Baltic (late 13c. in Anglo-Latin; c. 1400 in English), which has become the main sense as the use of ambergris has waned. This formerly was known as white or yellow amber to distinguish it from ambergris, which word entered English early 15c. from French, which distinguished the two substances as ambre gris and amber jaune. The classical word for Baltic amber was electrum (compare electric).

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