导读 大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!一、趣词词典1、contest

大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!

一、趣词词典

1、contest 比赛

2、con-, 强调。-test, 见证,词源同attest, detest。字面意思即找人来作证的。

二、- 英语词根词缀词源词典

1、contest

2、contest: [16] The idea underlying contest, unlikely as it may seem, is of ‘bearing witness’. It goes back to Latin contestārī, a compound verb formed from the prefix com- ‘together’ and testārī ‘bear witness’, which in turn was derived from testis ‘witness’ (whence English testament, testicle, and testimony). This verb signified the bringing of a lawsuit by ‘calling witnesses together’ from both sides.Hence was introduced the adversarial or competitive notion that passed into English, probably via Old French contester (although in the 16th and 17th centuries traces of the original Latin sense ‘bear joint witness, attest’ survived in English, presumably as a scholarly reintroduction).=> testament, testicle, testimony

3、contest (v.)

4、c. 1600, from French contester"dispute, oppose,"from Middle French, from Latin contestari (litem)"to call to witness, bring action,"from com-"together"(see com-) + testari"to bear witness,"from testis"a witness,"(see testament). Calling witnesses as the first step in a legal combat. Related: Contestable; contested; contesting.

5、contest (n.)

6、1640s, from contest (v.).

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