导读 大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!一、趣词词典1、anecdote

大家好,知识小编来为大家讲解下。趣词词典,- 英语词根词缀词源词典很多人还不知道,现在让我们一起来看看吧!

一、趣词词典

1、anecdote 逸闻

2、前缀an-, 没有。前缀ec-,同ex-, 向外。词根don,给予,见donate, 捐赠,过去分词dot.

3、anecdote 轶事;奇闻;秘史

4、希腊前缀an-表否定,ecdote在一起表things given out,合起来的本意是“unpublish things”。是6世纪东罗马帝国历史学家Procopius的著作,因为讲述了当时皇后Theodora成为皇后前的不光彩的经历,所以Procopius死后才出版。也被称为“Secret History”。

二、- 英语词根词缀词源词典

1、anecdote

2、anecdote: [17] In Greek, anékdotos meant ‘unpublished’. It was formed from the negative prefix an- and ékdotos, which in turn came from the verb didónai ‘give’ (a distant cousin of English donation and date) plus the prefix ek- ‘out’ – hence ‘give out, publish’. The use of the plural anékdota by the 6th-century Byzantine historian Procopius as the title of his unpublished memoirs of the life of the Emperor Justinian, which revealed juicy details of court life, played a major part in the subsequent use of Latin anecdota for ‘revelations of secrets’, the sense which anecdote had when it first came into English.The meaning ‘brief amusing story’ did not develop until the mid 18th century.=> date, donation

3、anecdote (n.)

4、1670s,"secret or private stories,"from French anecdote (17c.) or directly from Greek anekdota"things unpublished,"neuter plural of anekdotos, from an-"not"(see an-) + ekdotos"published,"from ek-"out"+ didonai"to give"(see date (n.1)). Procopius' 6c. Anecdota, unpublished memoirs of Emperor Justinian full of court gossip, gave the word a sense of"revelation of secrets,"which decayed in English to"brief, amusing stories"(1761).

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