2、late 14c., from Old French comunité"community, commonness, everybody"(Modern French communauté), from Latin communitatem (nominative communitas)"community, society, fellowship, friendly intercourse; courtesy, condescension, affability,"from communis"common, public, general, shared by all or many,"(see common (adj.)). Latin communitatem"was merely a noun of quality ... meaning 'fellowship, community of relations or feelings,' but in med.L. it was, like universitas, used concretely in the sense of 'a body of fellows or fellow-townsmen'"[OED]. An Old English word for"community"was gemænscipe"community, fellowship, union, common ownership,"from mæne"common, public, general,"probably composed from the same PIE roots as communis. Community service as a criminal sentence is recorded from 1972, American English. Community college is recorded from 1959.