2、来自法语 turbine,汽轮机，涡轮机，来自拉丁语 turbinis,旋转的，来自 turbo,旋转，旋顶，回 旋，来自 PIE*stwer,旋转，转动，词源同 stir,storm.
2、turbine:  Latin turbō denoted ‘whirl’, ‘whirling thing’, or ‘whirlwind’, and also ‘spinning-top’ (it was related to turba ‘disturbance, crowd’, source of English disturb, trouble, etc). From it around 1824 was coined French turbine, applied originally to a revolving wheel on an axis, driven by water-pressure. It was borrowed into English in the early 1840s.=> disturb, trouble
4、1838, from French turbine (19c.), from Latin turbinem (nominative turbo)"spinning top, eddy, whirlwind, that which whirls,"related to turba"turmoil, crowd"(see turbid). Originally applied to a wheel spinning on a vertical axis driven by falling water. Turbo in reference to gas turbine engines is attested from 1904.